Career Guidance

Civil Engineer

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List Of Engineering Branches

Engineering is the discipline, art and profession that applies scientific theory to design, develop and analyze technological solutions. In the contemporary era, engineering is generally considered to consist of the major basic branches of chemical engineering, civil engineering and mechanical engineering There are numerous other engineering subdiciplines and interdisciplinary subjects that are derived from concentrations, combinations or extensions of the major engineering branches.

Chemical engineering

Chemical engineering comprises the application of physical and biological sciences to the process of converting raw materials or chemicals into more useful or valuable forms.

Subdiscipline

Scope

Major specialties

Materials engineering Involves the properties of matter and its applications to engineering
  • Ceramic engineering, the theory and processing of raw oxide material (e.g. alumina oxide), and advanced material that are polymorphic, polycrystalline, oxide, and non-oxide ceramics
  • Crystal engineering, the design and synthesis of molecular solid-state structures
Process engineering Focuses on the design, operation, control, and optimization of chemical processes
Molecular engineering Focuses on the manufacturing ofmolecules.  

I

Civil engineering

Civil engineering comprises the design, construction and maintenance of the physical and natural built environments.

Subdiscipline

Scope

Major specialties

Geotechnical engineering Concerned with the behaviour of geological materials at the site of a civil engineering project
  • Mining engineering, the exploration, extraction and processing of raw materials from the earth
Structural engineering The engineering of structures that support or resist structural loads
Transportation engineering The use of engineering to ensure safe and efficient transportation of people and goods
Environmental engineering The application of engineering to the improvement and protection of the environment

Electrical engineering

Electrical engineering comprises the study and application of electricityelectronics and electromagnetism.

Subdiscipline

Scope

Major specialties

Electronic engineering The design of circuits that use the electromagnetic properties of electrical components such as resistors, capacitors, inductors, diodes and transistors to achieve a particular functionality.
Computer engineering The design and control of computing devices with the application of electrical systems
Power engineering The generation, transmission and distribution of electricity, and the design of devices such as transformers, electric generators, electric motors, high voltage engineering and power electronics.  
Optical engineering The design of instruments and systems that utilize the properties of electromagnetic radiation.  

Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering comprises the design, analysis and usage of heat and mechanical power for the operation of machines and mechanical systems.

Subdiscipline

Scope

Major specialties

Vehicle engineering The design, manufacture and operation of the systems and equipment that propel and control vehicles
Thermal engineering Concerns heating or cooling of processes, equipment, or enclosed environments  
Acoustical engineering Concerns the manipulation and control of vibration, especially vibration isolation and the reduction of unwanted sounds.  

 

Interdisciplinary and specialized fields

Discipline

Scope

Major specialties

Industrial engineering The design and analysis of logistical and resource systems.
  • Manufacturing engineering, the ability to plan the practices of manufacturing, to research and develop the tool, processes, machines and equipment, and to integrate the facilities and systems for producing quality products with optimal expenditure.
  • Component engineering, the process of assuring the availability of suitable components required to manufacture a product.
  • Systems engineering, focuses on issues such as logistics, the coordination of different teams, automatic control of machinery for complex engineering projects
  • Construction engineering, the planning and management of construction projects
  • Safety engineering, assuring that a life-critical system behaves as needed even when pieces fail
  • Reliability engineering, optimising asset maintenance to minimise whole of life cost
Applied engineering The field concerned with the application of managementdesign, and technical skills for the design and integration of systems, the execution of new product designs, the improvement of manufacturingprocesses, and the management and direction of physical and/or technical functions of a firm or organization. Applied Engineering degreed programs typically include instruction in basic engineeringprinciples, project management, industrial processes, production and operations management, systems integration and control, quality control, and statistics.
Biological engineering The application of engineering principles to the fields of biology and medicine.
Mechatronics A hybrid of mechanical and electrical engineering, intended to examine the design of automation systems.
Nuclear engineering The application of nuclear processes to engineering  
Agricultural engineering The application of engineering principles to agricultural fields such as farm power and machinery, biological material process, bioenergy, farm structures, and agricultural natural resources
  • Bioprocess engineering, the design and development of equipment and processes for the manufacturing of products from biological materials
  • Food engineering, concerns food processing, food machinery, packaging, ingredient manufacturing, instrumentation, and control.
  • Aquaculture engineering, the study of cultured aquatic species and the production systems used in their culture.
Nanoengineering The practice of engineering on the nanoscale  
Petroleum engineering The application of engineering principles to drilling for and producing crude oil and natural gas
  • Reservoir engineering, the application of scientific principles to study the flow of fluids in underground reservoirs so as to obtain a high economic recovery.
  • Drilling engineering, the design and application of equipment and techniques to drill wells.
  • Production engineering, the design and application of equipment and techniques to bring well fluids to the surface and then separate out the various components.
Energy engineering Energy engineering is a broad field of engineering dealing with energy efficiency, energy services, facility management, plant engineering, environmental compliance and alternative energy technologies. Domain of Energy Engineering expertise combines selective subjects from the fields Chemical, Mechanical and Electrical Engineering. It is an interdisciplinary program which has relativity with electrical, mechanical and chemical engineering
  • Solar Engineering, Solar Energy Engineering includes designing and building services based on solar energy, solar energy product development, solar PV systems, Solar Product Manufacturing and Solar Systems Integration.
  • Wind engineering, Wind engineering analysis effects of wind in the natural and the built environment and studies the possible damage, inconvenience or benefits which may result from wind. In the field of structural engineering it includes strong winds, which may cause discomfort, as well as extreme winds, such as in a tornado, hurricane or heavy storm, which may cause widespread destruction

Career Option after 12th

 
ENGINEERING

MEDICAL

  • AIPMT[All India Pre-medical Examination]
  • AIPMT[All India Pre-dental Examination]
  • AIIMS[All India Institute of Medical Science]

MANAGEMENT

  • CAT[Common Admission Test]

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